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July/August 2007

Discover more articles from this issue.

Freedom Challenge

When our Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution, they designed a government that, at the time, was a unique government. Since that time, it has...

The Revolutionary

Scholars have long argued the extent of Luther's influence on the outbreak of revolution among the German peasants in 1524-1525. Those who would give him...

The Theocons: Secular America Under Siege

The theme of this book is the rise of public religiosity that has been orchestrated by a small group of "theoconservative" intellectuals. It is Mr....

Obedience to a Higher Law

Over the years in our struggle for liberation in South Africa we learned one very important lesson, and that is that when people of different races and...

A Necessary Conversation

Religious liberty is more than the freedom to believe. It is also the freedom to let believe. Religious liberty is more than the freedom to evangelize....

Affirming Freedom

The Sixth World Congress organized by the International Religious Liberty Association was its first world congress organized in Africa, and the biggest...

The Right to Freedom of Expression

According to United States District Court Judge Norman Mordue, the Liverpool Central School District in Upstate, New York, violated fourth grader...

The Devils and Religious Expression

Cathy Raddi is a live-and-let-live kind of woman. Shy, she doesn't like to make waves. She's a turn-the-other-cheek Christian. After all, that's what...

Matters of Faith

What is faith? What is religion? These questions are not as easily answered as you think. Faith—Jesus told His disciples that there would not be...

Magazine Archive »

Published in the July/August 2007 Magazine
by Ebrahim Rasool


Religious liberty is more than the freedom to believe. It is also the freedom to let believe. Religious liberty is more than the freedom to evangelize. Religious liberty is also the responsibility to find the common ground even as you evangelize: that religious liberty has to assert the great spirituality of all human beings while persuading of better ways to reach and to worship God.

Ebrahim Rasool, Premier of the Western Cape Province, South Africa
The troubled nature of the world manifests itself and justifies itself on the basis of religion, and manifests itself through terrorism, through Islamophobia, through anti-Semitism, through intolerance of a variety of natures across the world. Much of the root causes of all of that is the fact that we who profess a belief in God in one way or the other are the first victims of globalizing uncertainty. The first victim of globalization, the first victim of the onslaught of science, the first victim of the onslaught of technology is often tradition, culture, and religious belief—not because they are mutually exclusive, but because they shake the foundations that we hold so easily; they force us to go back and find the relevance we need to present to the world. In the words of J. K. Galbraith, the Canadian-born American economist: "The more uncertain people are, the more dogmatic they become." This is because they retreat into the few essential truths that they can hold on to, and they become dogmatic about those few essential truths because everything else has changed.

Cape Town Mayor Helen Zille
The family structure has changed. And so often, in Muslim communities, we retreat into one truth about the place of women. In much the same way, our children learn far more quickly from MTV, KTV, and all those kinds of things than they learn from a year of Sunday schools and 10 years of madrassa. And they make us uncertain to the core about whether we can control the emerging generations, their value base, and their behavior—whether we can hold them back from drugs and sexual experimentation, HIV and AIDS. They shake our certainties and the essential beliefs, and unless we reinvent ourselves, we will not be able to speak either to women or to the young. Galbraith is absolutely correct: the more uncertain we become, the more dogmatic we become.

This is the cradle of ideologies of certitude that bedevil the world today. Then it is religion being the fig leaf for ideologies of certitude. This is the birthplace of extremism, and we all know extremism: it labels because it cannot debate and argue. It fights because it has forgotten how to love. It isolates and condemns because it doesn't know how to unite and find common ground. And it has perfected the art of dying for a cause because it cannot live for a cause.

Mohammad Ali Abthi from Iran
The religious dialogue and trialogues and quadrologues that we require, the conversations we require, are not simply among Christians, Muslims, Hindus, Jews, Jains, Sikhs, etc. The conversations we need are conversations of mind-sets across all religions, because extremism—fundamentalists in Christianity, in Islam, in Judaism, in Hinduism, or any other religion—speaks far more of a common language than progressive and well-meaning people across all of those religions. Extremists have their own conversations: they slug it out on the battlefields of Iraq; they slug it out in Afghanistan, in Pakistan, or wherever the case may be. They speak that language to each other because they are essentially the same—even if they raise a Christian flag here, a Jewish flag there, and a Muslim flag there.

Traditionalists have their own conversations. They retreat into the churches, the mosques, the synagogues, and the temples, hiding from the world, unable to deal with this world. They have their own conversations because across all the religions, they have the same language.

IRLA director Dr. John Graz
And those of us who believe that religion remains essential to the world, that its values would be the savior of the world, that its behavior is going to be critical to temper the excesses of globalization and give the common poor people something to hold on to both in this world and the hereafter—we have to fashion a conversation that crosses the formal lines of division among Muslims, Christians, Hindus, Jews, etc. And unless we find one another, the world will be condemned.

The key to it is, I believe, in what the Koran teaches when it says: "[Arabic phrase]," when God says "I have blown of My spirit into you." And in the same vein, when in the first Epistle of John, he says, "Who lives in love, lives in God and God in him." And it ends up by saying, "This I say to you: I have given you My spirit."

Dr. John Graz in conversation with Premier Rasool
If the Koran says that God has given of His Spirit to each human being, and in John it is declared that God's Spirit is left for each person, then we begin to get the answer. We can only go forward if we recognize that each one of us carries a part of the Spirit of God in us—that when we speak to one another, we don't speak to the Muslim dress that the one wears and the clerical clothes that Catholics wear, or the garbs that the Hindus wear, whatever. We aren't speaking to their clothes: we are speaking to the divine in each one of them. We are not speaking to the Muslim fez and the Christian collar, whatever the case may be; we are speaking to the divine in each one of them. And even as we differ formally, the common ground is that each one of us carries the Spirit of God within us and is worthy of respect, is worthy of love, and is worthy, at the very least, of tolerance.


Premier of the Western Cape Province, South Africa, Ebrahim Rasool, a Muslim, has been in office since 2002. These comments were part of a speech he gave at the IRLA World Congress in Cape Town earlier this year.

Author: Ebrahim Rasool

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